Last year, the Forio / ReThink Health simulation was featured at the first ever student competition hosted among NASPAA member institutions. NASPAA, the Network of Schools of Public Policy, Affairs, and Administration, accredits graduate programs in public administration, public policy, and public affairs.
This year, NASPAA looked to repeat the successful event, and chose to feature another Forio simulation.
Focus on Climate Change
Designed to highlight public sector challenges, the second annual graduate-level competition was held on February 27 and featured teams of public policy students from around the world. In total, 375 students from 135 universities competed around the world at eight regional sites. The theme for this year’s competition was Creating an Implementable Plan to Limit Global Warming.
Image credit: ASU Regional Site
Teams of up to 21 people representing different universities worked together to complete four tasks:
- Create a preliminary policy position for the team’s assigned sector. Design a package of recommendations that the sector believes will limit global warming to no more than 2 degrees Celsius.
- Use the En-ROADS simulation and negotiate with other sectors to create a solution to climate change.
- Create an implementation plan; think through policy implementation and adaption.
- Present the solution and implementation plan, including an analysis of where policy resistance is likely to occur and what might be done about it.
The Winning Proposal
The winning team created a solution that by the year 2100 limited global warming to 1.9 degrees Celsius from above pre-industrial levels, using a combination of carbon tax, coal tax, oil tax, renewable subsidy, and strong emphasis on energy efficiency in stationary structures (commercial buildings and homes) and mobile devices (autos and trucks). View the presentation from the winning team:
Teams used the En-ROADS simulation to understand the long-term climate effects (CO2 concentrations, global temperature, sea level rise) of various customized actions to reduce fossil fuel CO2 emissions, reduce deforestation, and grow more trees. Using the model, they were able to ask multiple, customized “what if” questions from the perspective of stakeholders of their assigned sector, and understand why the system reacts as it does.
The En-ROADS model focuses on how changes in global GDP, energy efficiency, R&D results, carbon price, fuel mix, and other factors change carbon emissions, energy access, and global temperature. The En-ROADS simulation is built using the system dynamics method and emphasizes the dynamics of a transition to clean energy. The En-ROADS model and simulation were developed by Climate Interactive on the Forio Simulate platform.
Play it yourself! The C-Learn Climate Simulation, a simplified variation of the En-ROADS simulation, is available publicly for anyone interested in further exploring climate change.